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船东被USCG提醒压载水证书不代表合格
随着国际海事组织IMO《压载水管理公约》发布和美国海岸警卫队(USCG)对美国水域船舶压载水管理要求,全球航运船东不得不在新建远洋船舶和正在运营远洋船舶上考虑安装压载水管理系统(BWMS)。许多船东认为,只要购买、安装了通过取得了IMO和美国海岸警卫队(USCG)证书的压载水管理系统,(plug and play)“即插即用”就万事大吉,在远洋和美国水域航行就OK了。先请欢迎关注,优乐娱乐平台将继续举办或已成功举办的以下列出的部分精彩活动和会议:(可以直接点击以下字段打开)2018重大件货主船东物流巨头盛会将召开亮点2018中国高端装备和配套商分布图招商900元刊登德国SMM和新加坡海事展造船地图
权威2017中国海洋装备专家最新论文集发售中国装备如何走向全球论坛将上海召开2017年11月30日,USCG官网发布文章指出,船东期望的那种“即插即用”(plug and play)式的压载水管理系统并不现实。每一艘船舶安装压载水管理系统都是高度定制化的,船东需针对船舶的技术体系、货物操作、航行路线等进行全面深入分析的基础上安装特定的压载水管理系统。(Owners should expect that fitting a BWMS to a specific vessel willrequire a thorough analysis of the vessel’s engineering systems, cargooperations, and trade routes. )由于压载水管理与实时装载或卸载船舶货物的能力密切相关,船东不应该期望“即插即用”,而应该做足相当的调研和分析工作和制定与船舶航运对应集成的方案。BWMS对船舶运营的复杂性和广度意味着“即插即用”解决方案不可能成功。首选的方法应是“进入负责的角色”。达标的努力方向包括额外的设计和工程,全面审查维护程序,全面比较和分析BWMS的船上作业的影响,以及制定和培训船员实施压载水管理系统计划。国际著名的英国压载水处理系统制造商Coldharbour Marine的首席执行官Andrew Marshall专门解读了美国海岸警卫队的新发布,在与优乐娱乐平台主编李保坤交流时,他直截了当地总结说,美国海岸警卫队(USCG)的说法就是提醒船东压载水证书不代表合格,船东要对购买、安装的压载水管理系统负责。不是买来安装了(plug and play)“即插即用”就万事大吉,如果有证书的压载水管理系统在实际运行时,排放不合格,照样会被严重处罚。所以船东在选择压载水处理系统厂家时,要综合多因素考虑,要优先选用可靠、实际的应用。包括Coldharbour Marine在内一些优秀厂家在这方面做了积极努力。Coldharbour Marine推出的专为大型船舶设计的惰性气体GLD(气升扩散专利)的压载水处理系统(BWTS)。该公司独特的针对大型散货船压载水处理系统技术是基于油轮和气体运输船的现有压载水处理系统,但将以不同的方式进行配置。在标准型Coldharbour 压载水装置中,惰性气体被送到安装在压载舱内的GLD(气升扩散专利)单元。由于的边舱和重型压载货舱不适合装置这样的安装,因此在散货船上存在类似装置安装的挑战。针对大型散货船的安装挑战,Coldharbour与一些船东共同开发的新替代方案是在机舱内安装GLD单元,然后将水从GLD单元泵送到压载舱进行处理。GLD过程不受此变化的影响,但这意味着任何尺寸和配置的压载舱可以使用经过验证的、可靠GLD过程来处理。与标准布置一样,水处理在压载航行的一段期间内进行,而不是在进水或排放期间。不需要安装进水过滤器。这样做不仅可以使压载过程不受影响,而且在装载港口排放的压载水也将避免长时间的空载航段有“生物再生”的问题,从而确保符合IMO / USCG排放标准。ColdharbourMarine的CEO Andrew Marshall表示:“一个全新的压载水处理系统对于大型散货船是至关重要的,特别是一个可以使运营商避免运营延误,资金处罚以及在最坏的情况下因为压载水系统问题而导致不能正常运营的系统。” Andrew Marshall 说。“这就是为什么我们已经量身定制了我们的技术来满足这些船只的需求。我们很高兴推出这个令人兴奋的新技术应用,我们将与干散货运营商和船厂们讨论这个焕然一新的开创性新技术应用。”“这些大型散货船只具有非常明确的特殊要求,因为他们需要大量的压载水,而且其压载操作的性质也使其压载水解决方案变得非常有挑战性。” Andrew Marshall解释说。“随着压载水公约的生效,港口国管理机构加紧执行规定,对大型散货船选择的不佳压载水处理装置的金融处罚可能是灾难性的。”Andrew Marshall还特别说,他们非常看好中国和亚太市场,他们的产品已通过上海汉盛海洋装备公司开始本地化生产和服务,可以更便捷地服务中国和全球船东。欢迎同样关注,优乐娱乐平台将继续举办或已成功举办的以下列出的部分专业活动和会议:(可以直接点击以下字段打开)2018船舶与海工品牌营销推广套餐齐了2018重大件货主船东物流巨头盛会将召开亮点2018造船和航运被预测将狗年旺起来2018中国高端装备和配套商分布图招商900元刊登德国SMM和新加坡海事展造船地图
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11/30/2017: Ballast Water Series Part 4 – The “plug and play” ballast water management systemFrom the desk of Rear Adm. John Nadeau, assistant commandant for prevention policyIn various contexts and in the course of many conversations, shipowners have expressed the expectation that ballast water management systems (BWMS) should be “plug and play” equipment. Owners who recently built ships and wrote BWMS specifications into the contracts with the expectation that, upon delivery, there would be sufficient space, power, and piping available for a future “plug and play” type system are now frustrated that the selection and installation of a BWMS requires additional work specific to the ship and its operating profile. Others expect a system that will “plug and play” into their operations and be effective under all conditions wherever they operate around the world. The different treatment technologies employed by the various BWMS manufacturers each have unique features and operational requirements that must be satisfied in order for the equipment to function properly. Owners should expect that fitting a BWMS to a specific vessel will require a thorough analysis of the vessel’s engineering systems, cargo operations, and trade routes.While consultation with specialists and contractors may help vessel owners and operators meet this new challenge, it may not be appropriate to completely outsource this work and expect a “plug and play” capability. A more realistic expectation is that the selection, installation, operation, and maintenance of a BWMS will require analyses specific to the vessel and its operating profile. Every BWMS installation is a customized installation, and every ballast water management plan (BWMP) is a customized plan.To comply with the regulations, vessel operators may have to modify the vessel design operations and, to some extent, their technical and logistical support operations. Some ships will require more extensive modifications and support. “Plug and play” may have been a reasonable expectation for other types of pollution control technologies, yet it is not a reasonable expectation for a BWMS. The operation of a BWMS directly impacts cargo operations. Cargo loading and discharge typically do not depend on the operation of an OWS, an exhaust scrubber, or a tank cleaner in the same way they depend on the operation of a BWMS. Because ballast water management is so closely linked to the ability to load or discharge cargo in real time, owners shouldn’t expect “plug and play” but instead should require the same level of diligence, analysis, and integration they would give to any other aspect of a cargo management system.The complexity and breadth of a BWMS’s impact on vessel operations means that a “plug and play” solution is not likely to succeed. The preferred approach may be to “get in the game.” Successful efforts include additional design and engineering, a full review of maintenance requirements, a comprehensive comparison and analysis of BWMSs to shipboard operations, and the development and implementation of a crew training plan for the BWMS.
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